Topic 1: Intellectual Rights and Copyright

There may be copyrighted materials used in teaching. To avoid copyright violations, you need to know what kind of content you can use in your classes and what are the necessary requirements for using them.

There are two European directives regarding copyright in the digital world:

Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society and Directive (EU) 2019/790 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 on copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market and amending Directives 96/9/EC and 2001/29/EC (Maza, 2022).

With Directive (EU) 2019/790, copyrighted material is more widely available for education, research, and cultural preservation. These exceptions have been modernised and adapted to meet technological advances, allowing them to be used online and across borders. Teachers and educational establishments now have an exception for cross-border use of content protected by copyright (European Commission, 2019). However, it does not mean it is permissible to use the works in any way, because European regulations stipulate some requirements. Three limitations apply to online teaching: private copying, quotations, and illustrations (Maza, 2022).

The following link (Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on copyright for teachers) can help you find information on using copyright protected content in the context of education and training, in your country.

https://euipo.europa.eu/ohimportal/en/web/observatory/faq-for-teachers

You can learn more for theDirective (EU) 2019/790 from the following links:

https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2019/790/oj

https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/MEMO_19_1151