Topic 2: Basic Principles

3 core principles for effective learner-centred feedback (Tracii, 2020):


  • Encourage students to engage in informal or structured feedback dialogues with others (academic staff, peers)
  • Improve the precision and detail of feedback information regarding assessment tasks


  • Construct feedback information that results in a cognitive and meta-cognitive impact on learners
  • Provide feedback that generates positive affective, motivational, and relational effects and improves students’ future learning experiences or performances.


  • Encourage feedback-seeking behaviour among students
  • Support the advancement of skills related to evaluative judgement.